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Acts Week 3: Breaking Barriers

Breaking Barriers: The Transformative Power of the Holy Spirit



In Acts 10:1-48, we witness a pivotal moment in the early Church's history, where the divine hand of God orchestrates a profound encounter between two individuals from vastly different backgrounds. The narrative unfolds with Cornelius, a devout Roman centurion, who, despite being a Gentile, fears God and lives a life of prayer and generosity. Meanwhile, in Joppa, the apostle Peter receives a vision from the Lord, challenging his ingrained beliefs about purity and inclusivity within God's kingdom. As Cornelius seeks God earnestly, and Peter grapples with the implications of his vision, the Holy Spirit intervenes, guiding them towards a momentous meeting that transcends cultural barriers and expands the Gospel's reach to the Gentiles. This passage encapsulates the transformative power of the Holy Spirit in breaking down barriers, revealing God's inclusive love, and preparing hearts for the proclamation of salvation to all people.

For a moment, I want to talk about what the Holy Spirit is and why it’s so important. 

The Holy Spirit, often referred to as the third person of the Trinity, is understood as the divine presence and power of God at work in the world and in the lives of believers. Describing the essence of the Holy Spirit is challenging because it transcends our human understanding, yet its manifestations and effects are so profound. In essence, the Holy Spirit is the active presence of God, working within individuals and communities to reveal truth, empower believers, and bring about spiritual renewal and transformation.

What makes the Holy Spirit so powerful is its multifaceted nature and its ability to accomplish God's purposes in ways that exceed our own personal limitations. It is the source of divine inspiration, guiding us all in our understanding of God's will and empowering us to live lives that honor God. The Holy Spirit serves as the unifying force within the body of Christ, binding believers together across diverse backgrounds and experiences, and equipping us with spiritual gifts for the common good.

The power of the Holy Spirit is evident throughout scripture and history, from the creation of the world to the birth of the Church and beyond. It is the same Spirit that descended upon the apostles at Pentecost, igniting a flame of faith that spread rapidly throughout the ancient world. Today, the Holy Spirit continues to move in and through each of us, convicting us, leading us into truth, and empowering us to bear witness to the moving power of God's unfailing love. Its influence knows no bounds, transcending language, culture, and geography, enabling ordinary individuals to accomplish extraordinary acts for the glory of God.


The holy spirit is a gift bestowed upon believers by God. Throughout scripture, the Holy Spirit is portrayed as the agent of God's grace, guidance, and empowerment, facilitating a deep and intimate relationship between humanity and the divine. As a gift from God, the Holy Spirit embodies the essence of God's love and compassion, working within us to renew our hearts and change lives.

Jesus, during his earthly ministry, spoke extensively about the Holy Spirit as a gift that would be given to his followers after his departure. Jesus refers to the Holy Spirit as the "Advocate" or "Helper" who would come to guide, comfort, and empower believers in his absence. In John 14:16-17, Jesus says, "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to be with you forever—the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you." This promise reassures us that we will not be left alone but will be accompanied by the Holy Spirit, who will continue the work of Jesus on earth.

Jesus further emphasizes the significance of the Holy Spirit's presence in the lives of believers in John 16:7, stating, "But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you." Here, Jesus acknowledges the paradoxical nature of his departure, highlighting that it is necessary for the Holy Spirit to come and indwell believers for our benefit. The Holy Spirit, then, is not only a gift from God but also a continuation of Jesus' ministry on earth, empowering us to carry out the mission of spreading the Gospel and building the kingdom of God.


The spirit fills voids. The spirit gives us a second wind. Henri Nouwen said once that when we speak about the Holy Spirit, we speak about the breath of God, breathing in us. The Greek word for “spirit” is pneuma, which means “breath.” The Spirit of God is like our breath. God’s spirit is more intimate to us than we are to ourselves. We might not often be aware of it, but without it we cannot live a “spiritual life.” 

It is the Holy Spirit of God who moves in us, who offers us the gifts of love, forgiveness, kindness, goodness, gentleness, peace, and joy. It is the Holy Spirit who offers us the life that death cannot destroy. This is why we must always pray: “Come, Holy Spirit, come.” Spirit of the loving God, fall afresh on me. Melt me, mold me, fill me, use me Lord God.


In Acts 10, the Holy Spirit orchestrates a powerful encounter between Cornelius, a devout Gentile centurion, and Peter, a Jewish apostle, illustrating the dismantling of barriers between Jews and Gentiles within the early Christian community. Through a series of divine revelations, Cornelius is directed to send for Peter, while simultaneously, Peter receives a vision from God challenging his ingrained beliefs about purity and exclusivity within the Jewish faith. 


We see the spirit working on Peter, prepping him for his encounter with Cornelius. As Peter arrives at Cornelius' house, he acknowledges the work of the Holy Spirit, declaring, "I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism but accepts from every nation the one who fears God and does what is right" (Acts 10:34-35). The outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon Cornelius and his household affirms their inclusion in the family of God. This encounter reveals to us that those who held Gentile backgrounds were seen, valued, and welcomed in God’s eyes. 

The account of Cornelius and Peter underscores the apostolic emphasis on the Gentile mission and the intentional effort to welcome Gentiles into the growing community of faith. Previously, the early Church had predominantly consisted of Jewish believers, leading to initial hesitancy and resistance towards accepting Gentiles into the fold. However, through the guidance of the Holy Spirit and the obedience of apostles like Peter, the barriers of ethnicity and culture were shattered, paving the way for the expansion of the Gospel to all people. 


This pivotal moment in Acts serves as a catalyst for the Gentile mission, signaling a paradigm shift within the early Church and affirming God's inclusive love for all humanity. As the apostles embraced their commission to make disciples of all nations, they exemplified a radical hospitality that transcended cultural divides and welcomed Gentiles as equal participants in the body of Christ, laying the foundation for a diverse and unified faith community.


The message here for us is that the holy spirit is more than just a voice that speaks or an impression that we feel. The spirit moves in us to change us, to mold us into people who reflect the light and love of Jesus. The spirit works in us to mold us into vessels who can continue the work of Jesus right where we are. It challenges us to overcome our bias, to overcome ways of thinking and behaviors that do not reflect the character of Jesus. The holy spirit has the power to break down barriers in our society by first breaking us down. The spirit breaks down all of the things within us that stifle our ability to love the way we have been called to love, to move the way we have been called to move in this world as followers of Jesus Christs. The holy spirit opens our eyes to see EVERYONE in all places for who they are, children of God of sacred worth, made in the image of God. 

The spirit enables us to see what we’ve been missing, to see who we’ve been missing. But the question is, are we humble to allow the spirit to work on us in this way? Are we humble enough to admit that we may not know everything there is to know about what it means to follow Jesus? Are we humble enough to admit that God still has some things to teach us? Are we humble to acknowledge that this journey with God is lifelong and, in every season, the spirit can and will challenge us to see things and people we’ve never seen before? If we allow the power of the holy spirit to move in our lives, we may find ourselves in expected places, enjoying enriching relationships with a diversity of people who have so much to teach us. 


One of the most beautiful aspects of the Holy Spirit is its innate desire to unify the body of Christ. The Spirit, as the presence of God among us, works nonstop to break down barriers of division and foster a sense of harmony and oneness within the community. Across diverse cultures, traditions, and backgrounds the Holy Spirit operates as the unifying force that transcends differences and binds people together in love and fellowship. It is through the indwelling of the Spirit that we are drawn into a deeper relationship with God and with one another, forming a vibrant and diverse tapestry of faith that reflects the multifaceted nature of God's kin-dom. In a world often marked by discord and division, the Holy Spirit stands as a beacon of unity, calling all believers to embrace our shared identity as members of the body of Christ and to pursue peace and reconciliation with one another.


The movement of the holy spirit serves as hopeful reminder, that overcoming differences is possible. Hearts and minds can be transformed. Nothing is impossible when the spirit is at work. It is my prayer that you will be empowered by the holy spirit working in you.  

May you be filled with a deep sense of God's presence and power, enabling you to navigate life's challenges with wisdom and courage. May the Holy Spirit unite you with fellow believers, creating a community of love, support, and encouragement. And may you be encouraged to live out your faith boldly, sharing the transformative message of the Gospel with those around you. May the Holy Spirit continue to work in and through you, equipping you to be an agent of God's love and grace in the world. Amen.



Acts Week 3 - Discipleship Guide
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